Rome is the capital city of Italy.
The most populous metropolitan city in Italy, with a population of 4,355,725 residents, Rome's history spans 28 centuries. While Roman mythology dates the founding of Rome at around 753 BC, the site has been inhabited for much longer, making it one of the oldest continuously occupied sites in Europe. Eventually, the city successively became the capital of the Roman Kingdom, the Roman Republic and the Roman Empire, and is regarded as the birthplace of Western civilization and by some as the first ever "metropolis".
After the fall of the Roman Empire, Rome slowly fell under the political control of the Papacy, which had settled in the city since the 1st century AD, until in the 8th century it became the capital of the Papal States, which lasted until 1870. Beginning with the Renaissance, almost all the popes since Nicholas V (1447–1455) pursued over four hundred years a coherent architectural and urban programme aimed at making the city the artistic and cultural centre of the world. In this way, Rome became one of the major centres of the Italian Renaissance, and then the birthplace of both the Baroque style and Neoclassicism. Famous artists, painters, sculptors and architects made Rome the centre of their activity, creating masterpieces throughout the city. In 1871, Rome became the capital of the Kingdom of Italy, which, in 1946, became the Italian Republic.
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- The smallest country in the world, the Vatican City, is an independent country located inside the city boundaries of Rome. The country is the only existing example of a country within a city and for this reason Rome has been often defined as the capital of two states.
- In April 2018, Okayado spent a holiday in Italy from which a lot of his content in the manga of the country is derived.